Turkey hunters need to know the types of turkey hunting calls, which are mouth calls and friction calls. Wild turkeys are really cagey and evasive. So, turkey calling is necessary to lure and capture them as one of the well know turkey hunting tactics. Friction calls are the most familiar turkey hunting calls since they provide ease of usage and turkey-like sounds. They usually feature round surfaces. And they require pegs to be drawn across these surfaces, which are typically slate, ceramic, and aluminum. Mouth calls, alternatively, are turkey hunting calls that are used by breathing through them.
Factually, some four millenniums ago, the Native Americans used mouth calls that are made out of turkeys’ wing bones. But an example of today’s mouth calls is the diaphragm call. It is usually used whenever a turkey is in close proximity and making use of a friction call is not possible. It is also preferred by most hunters in camouflage because it does not involve any suspicious movement that turkeys may spot.
Essentially, friction-type turkey box calls are ideal for beginners. These are boxes with pivoting lids that slide to make sounds. The movements of the turkey calls normally require moderate amounts and might be ideally used in full blinds. Turkey box calls also produce more volume compared to the other types. Turkey hunting calls must become louder if hunters need to catch the attentions of gobblers that are very distant. Friction-type push button box calls are fine too. They are very simple, and only require a single finger movement to operate. Some may even be mounted on guns.
However, a box call will soon sound like a squeaking gate if the sides and the lid of the box lacked friction. The box can also get damaged if moisture gets into it. So, it is important to clean and store the box properly in order to maintain its effectiveness. Then, another type of friction turkey hunting calls is the slate call. It is also known as the peg call because it is used by scraping the peg’s end. It also produces a variety of sounds due to the combinations of its slate surfaces and strikers. In addition, this slate call is really well-known, and may be mounted to a leg. So, a hand may discretely operate the striker to rub the slate and produce a call. Nevertheless, it needs touch-ups every time because it is very vulnerable to oils and moistures.